The microscope is used forsix different fields of application:
Skin tissue or hairs: to search for mites (scabies), louses, fungi, bacteria, etc.
Histology and cytology: examination of the shape of cells and tissue structures (benign or malignant tumours), bacterial or sterile inflammation or an allergic reaction
Blood smear: looking for deviations in the blood (for example the shape of the cells) or looking for parasites, germs or viruses in the blood.
Urine: looking whether crystals and/or blood cells are present in the urine
Faeces: examination whether flagellates(like Giardia) and worms are present in the faeces
Breeding guidance: vaginal smears, checking quality of the sperm
We own a "Medonic" at Veterinary Clinic "Het Zicht". This blood analysis device is able to tell us a lot about your pet with just a little blood. The "Medonic" counts the number of red- and white blood cells, the number of thrombocytes in the blood and gives us a distribution of these levels. With this device, the veterinarian can tell whether an inflammation is present inside the body of your pet of whether your pet suffers from anaemia. This method of analysing is called haematology.
Furthermore, we own a "Spotchem". This blood analysis device measures the level of certain biochemicals in the blood. This tells us more about the organs inside your pet. The veterinarian can tell within a few minutes whether your pet has a malfunctioning liver or kidney or suffers from diabetes. This method of analysing is called biochemistry.
By analysing blood, we can findseveral deviations including deviations in hormone levels, thyroid and fertility.
Examination of urine might be necessary in several cases.
It is wise to have your pets urine tested by the veterinarian when your pet starts to drink more than normal and/or urinates more than normal, isn't able to urinate or shows incontinence. This is also applicable when blood is present in the urine or the urine has a different smell and/or colour.
In most cases, you only need to take some urine to the clinic to have the urine tested, but sometimes it is required to bring your pet.
Beware! When your pet isn't able tourinate, it is considered an emergency and you should call us immediately!
Urine can be examined by 4 different methods:
Refractometer: The veterinarian measures the relative density of the urine. This way, we can tell whether the urine is diluted or concentrated.
Urine strip: This strip gives the veterinarian within a few seconds insight on the protein content, the ketones, pH, leukocytes, glucose, bilirubin and red blood cells.
Sediment: The veterinarian examines the sediment after the urine has been centrifuged. These non-dissolved substances will be examined under a microscope. This gives information on possible presence of crystals (dust), bacteria, white and red blood cells in the urine
Total analysis of hormone levels: sometimes it is required to have the urine tested by an external laboratory. Here they can do an accurate determination of the hormone levels and diagnose for example the disease of Cushings.
Examination of faeces can be very valuable for diagnoses.
Not regular faeces can give indication to problems with digestion.
Under the microscope, the veterinarian can search for parasites and/or bacteria.
We propose to collect faeces for a few days when your pet has complaints like loss of weight (despite a normal appetite) of persistent diarrhoea. This can then be examined by the veterinarian
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